history of Krause Theodor

Item number: Krause Theodor (4443)

Category: Krause Theodor


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Company history and description of the company Theodor Kraus Gotha Germany

On 15.09.1853 Theodor Krause founded his company Zinnspielwarenfabrik Theodor Krause in Gotha. At the beginning he manufactures handcrafted castings. He started with tin soldiers; then followed railways and ships as well as dollhouse accessories.
In 1856 he was represented at the Leipzig Trade Fair and was able to export his products.
Through the wars of 1864 and 1866, his tin soldiers were sold throughout Europe and the USA.
The German victory in the French-German War of 1870/71 brought him further sales and the name "Soldatenfabrik" what means"Soldier factory".
In 1880, his son Karl Krause took over the business, which further increased sales and expanded the product range with battery-operated lamps for dollhouses and doll dishes.
Karl Krause died in 1912 and his son Rudolph took over the business, but died in the war in 1915, which is why his wife Mary continued to run the business.
At the beginning of the First World War, sales of tin soldiers rose at short time, but had reached zero at the end of the war. She turned the production over to civilian and technical toys.
In the 1930s, the production of tin and lead soldiers was resumed by the seizure of power by the Nazis.
In 1943 tin and lead were needed for the defense industry and production had to be stopped. After the war, production could not restarted.

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